Location:Home Renewed Theory Quest
DAOIST-LEGALIST SOCIALISM: One with real Chinese characteristics (Table of contents)
By Sherwin Lu
2019-03-01 06:31:00
 

Daoist-Legalist Socialism:

One with real Chinese characteristics

 

EDITOR’S NOTES:

Mr. Sherwin Lu’s forthcoming book in Chinese (《中华大道与社会主义》) is a systematic explanation of a renovated theory which combines the reasonable core of Marx’s “scientific socialism” -- final emancipation of mankind by eliminating exploitation and oppression of man by man -- into the philosophical context of traditional Chinese Daoist-Legalism. Hence the English translation of the title as Daoist-Legalist Socialism: One with real Chinese Characteristics.

     Though socialism in the Marxist sense has suffered serious setbacks, it is still a new and vibrant thing if viewed in the macro-historical perspective. It’s practice over half the world for almost a whole century has left behind a rich treasury of both positive experiences and negative lessons. When the wisdom from such newest human experiences is combined with that from the long-standing tradition of the only one surviving ancient civilization, the spiritual power thus produced, one can imagine, must be world-shaking and long-lasting. Therefore, as more and more people over the globe are looking for ways different from liberal capitalism for running human affairs, what this book presents will surely provide much needed food for thought, to say the least.

As no translation of the whole book seems possible in the near future whereas most of the major ideas expressed in the book have already been presented on this website in the many separate articles by the same author, this editor will post the following table of contents of the book with links to such “source articles” as would match individual chapters or sections respectively. Readers may need to copy the words in the link for use after clicking the link to find the corresponding section in a long article. (In case no such “source articles” are available for certain sections of the book, outlines or explanations or clues leading to the ideas in such sections are provided in brackets.)

The editor will also re-post such “source articles” afterwards in bi-monthly installments in the order as listed in this table of contents.

Any comment will be welcome and appreciated. 


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

 

Part One  Metaphysics

 

 

Chap 1  What is Dao?

§I-1(1) Transcending mind-matter split

Infinite Number of Possible Worlds

§I-1(2) Infinite potentialities

A Thought Experiment

§I-1(3) The Dao from which comes the one

The Indescribable Transcendental Chaos

§I-1(4) Beyond the Ultimate (Taiji)

Coming about of the Human-Perceived World

§I-1(5) Multi-dimensional dynamically-balanced whole: Ultimate sense of rationality in Daoist faith

Human-perceived world as contingent emergence in multi-dimensional balance out of ultimate intangibility

 

Chap 2  Daoism as Ontology and Epistemology

§I-2(1) Is “Dao” another name for the “noumenon” ?

(Yes, but Dao is formless and intangible.)

§I-2(2) Does Daoist philosophy lack epistemological theory (as some Western-educated scholars allege)?

(No. -- No translation nor perfectly matching source essay available, but China’s 5000 years of uninterrupted history of world-leading prosperity tells everything. See for references:

 “Multi-dimensional wholeness and dynamic balance of the human-perceived world: Basic principle of ultimate rationality” ,

Classical Chinese Philosophy: Basic Categories(3): Name and Substance”,

Eastern Wisdom Can Help Solve Today’s Global Problems -- A Study of the Dynamically-Balanced Multi-Dimensional WholeWorld View”.)

 

Chap  3  Why Daoism is Closest to Maturity of All Faiths

§I-3(1) An ultimate faith should transcend all divide

Ultimate faith: Its object must be an undivided One

§I-3(2) The object of ultimate faith: being symbolic, intuitive, and necessarily pluralistic

Symbolic and intuitive nature of ultimate faith and justifiability of its pluralism

§I-3(3) Two tiers of ultimate faith: Principled faith and contract faith

Principled faith vs. contract faith

§I-3(4) Mature vs. immature ultimate faiths

Mature vs. immature ultimate faith

§I-3(5) Egocentric faiths are not mature ones

Egocentrism in immature faiths

§I-3(6) Social functions of Daoism and all other ultimate faiths

Social functions of ultimate faith

 

Chap 4  Is Daoism against Scientific Reason?

§I-4(1) Ultimate rationality is the pre-requisite and commander of scientific reason

Ultimate rationality vs. instrumental/scientific rationality

§I-4(2) Intuitive vs. conscientious rationality

Intuitive rationality vs. conscientious rationality

§I-4(3) Sensory vs. integrated intuition

Sensory intuition vs. integrated intuition

§I-4(4) Rationality vs. Rationalism

Rationality vs. rationalism

 

Chap 5  Why “Yin-Yang-Balanced Five-Way Correlation” Theory (阴阳五行说) is Superior to Materialistic Dialectics

 Classical Chinese Philosophy: Basic Categories

§I-5(1) The Dao of Yin-Yang balance commands over the law of “unity of opposites” from a higher level

Five-Way Correlation (五行): Basic Paradigm for Yin-Yang Balance

§I-5(2) The “Yin-Yang-balanced five-way correlation” paradigm is superior to the elementary particles” approach

(When applied to social science, the Five-Way Correlation paradigm can serve to overcome the limitations of mainstream Western social theories.)

 

Chap 6  Way Daoist-Legalist Way of Thinking is Superior to that of the Chinese Ru School (儒家) and Mainstream Western Tradition

 (Note: The label “Confucianism” has been wrongly applied to the later Ru school of thought in conventional English translation.)

§I-6(1) The liberalist “spontaneous order” argument judged in the Daoist non-self-assertive (无为) and balance-oriented perspective

(No perfectly matching source essay available, but see for reference:

Is non-self-assertive government(无为而治) the same as lassez-faire indulgence of spontaneous social order?”)

§I-6(2) The Ru school’s linear atomistic way of thinking: Resulting in pitting “virtue” against (rule of) law and in economic liberalism

(No perfectly matching source essay available, but see for references:

The Confucianists pushed their argument even so far as to...

How Confucianism Departed From the Dao of Dynamic Balance” )

§I-6(3) Western way of thinking judged in Daoist-Legalist perspective: Atomistic-monolithic-mosaic view and “public-vs.-private” dichotomy

(No perfectly matching source essay available, but see for reference:

Human Society: Multi-Level and Multi-Dimensional Network of Social Groupings”) 

 

Part Two  Political Economy

 

Chap 1  A Theory of Three Sources of Commodity Value & 3-Tier Joint Community Ownership

§2-1(1) Philosophical basis for three-source value theory

 (No translation of fully-developed source essay available but, briefly, the basis lies in traditional Chinese thought about oneness of Humanity with Heaven and interdependence between all human beings on an all time-space scale.

§2-1(2) Marx’s labor theory of value will live as long as history

 (No translation of fully-developed source essay available.)

§2-1(3) Three-source theory of commodity value

 “The three-source value theory

§2-1(4) Capital’s hegemony over values from all three sources

 “Capital’s Hegemony over Values from All Tree Sources

 §2-1(5) Origin and ugly consequences of unrestrained expansion of unjust capital

 “Where unjust capital originates

 “Ugly consequences of unrestrained expansion of unjust capital

§2-1(6) Joint hegemony of money and knowledge capital

 (No translation of source essay available.)

§2-1(7) 3-tier joint community ownership: theoretical justification

 (No translation of source essay available, but, briefly, all means of production on Earth should be owned by all mankind, to be realized through the joint ownership by:

a) capital-labor joint business community on the grassroots level,

b) b) nation-state community, and c) global all-human community.)

§2-1(8) Practical significance of holistically broader view of “labor”

(No translation of source essay available, but, summarily, the broad view helps overcome ultra-left policy practices.)

§2-1(9) Socialism-oriented secondary distribution

 (No translation of source essay available, but, essentially, this should be different from that under capitalism in intention and sources of funds distributed.)

 

Chap 2  Daoist-Legalists’ All-Round Balance-Oriented Policy Practices in Ancient China

  (See chart in Eastern Wisdom Can Help Solve Today’s Global Problems.)

§2-2(1) Balance between man and nature

§2-2(2) Economic equality among all peasants

§2-2(3) Balance of interests between peasants, merchants and consumers

§2-2(4) Balance between domestic and inter-state commodity prices

§2-2(5) Balance between money power and political power

§2-2(6) Accord between state power-structure’s functioning and the principle of political equality

§2-2(7) Rule of law under supervision from all social members as equals

§2-2(8) Balanced relations between big and small states and between conquering and conquered states)

 

Chap 3  Western Atomistic-Monolithic-Mosaic Worldview Adopted by Apologists for Monopoly Capital’s Anti-Dao Hegemony 

From Single-Source Value Theory to World Capital Hegemony

§2-3(1) Single-source value theory

§2-3(2) Narrow definition of “labor”

§2-3(3) “Free exchange” between capital and labor: A fallacy

§2-3(4) Over-dependence on quantification

§2-3(5) The private (economy) - public (politics) dichotomy

§2-3(6) The “flat world” fallacy

 

Chap 4  Productive-Force-Centrism: The Fatal Flaw in Socialist Political Economy

Productive-force-centrism: The Fatal Flaw in Socialist Political Economy

§2-4(1) Nature viewed as purely material object to be exploited for human social production

§2-4(2) Line of thought in productive-force-centrism

§2-4(3) From productive-force-centrism to linear view of history 

 

Part Three  political theory

 

Chap 1  Chinese and Western Politics, Traditional and Modern, Judged by Supreme Dao

§3-1(1) Ancient Chinese Daoist and Ru (儒家) political theory and/or practice

 (No perfectly matching source essay available, but see for reference:

 “Classical Chinese Political Thought: An Overview

 “How Confucianism Departed From the Dao of Dynamic Balance

Eastern Wisdom Can Help Solve Today’s Global Problems -- A Study of the “Dynamically-Balanced Multi-Dimensional Whole” World View”)

§3-1(2) Western-style democracy

 “Equality in Political Discourse vs. Inequality in Economic Relations

§3-1(3) Traditional (20th century) socialism

 “A Critique of Communist Ideology

 “Traditional Socialism (1)”, “(2-3)

 

Chap 2  Themes of the Times and Mission of the Proletariat

§3-2(1) Themes of the Times: Human Crises and Transformation of Civilization

 “Themes of the Times

§3-2(2) Historic Mission of the Proletariat

 “Historic Mission of the Proletariat

§3-2(3) “Class struggle” in context of “dynamic balance”

 (No translation nor source essay available, but see for reference:

Abating Class Confrontations through Balance-Oriented Adjustments.)

§3-2(4) Proletarian in spirit as well as in material: Internal sageness externalized in kingliness (内圣外王)

(No translation nor source essay available, but see for reference:

Lack of Spiritual Transcendence – A Critique of Communist Ideology, II(3-5)”)

 

Chap 3  Gradually abating class confrontation till its extinction through non-self-assertive (无为) balance-oriented government

§3-3(1) How to interpret Daoist non-self-assertive government (无为而治)

 (No translation nor source essay available, but see for reference:

 The Tao of Lassez-faire” refuted.)

§3-3(2) Non-self-assertive (无为) balance-oriented “dictatorship of the proletariat”

§3-3(3) Daoist-Legalist Socialism: Rule of Law instead of “Dictatorship”

 Balance-Oriented vs. Confrontational Thinking: Daoist-Legalist Socialism vs. the Right & the Left

 

Chap 4  Daoist-Legalist Political Power Structure: Constitutional Government Led by One Party (of the Proletariat)

§3-4(1) Historical inevitability of shifting from capitalism to socialism

(No translation nor source essay available, but see for reference:

Ugly consequences of unrestrained expansion of unjust capital”.)

§3-4(2) Daoist-Legalist three-in-one politics: Vanguard party leadership, constitutional rule of law, and people’s democracy

(No translation nor source essay available, but see for reference:

Traditional Socialism(1), (2)(3)”.)

§3-4(3) Cultivate a democratic tradition in party building

(No translation nor source essay available but, briefly, in three sub-topics:

a) by accepting with respect constitution-allowed supervision and advise from other legal political parties;

b) by treating as equals individual members or factions within the party who believe in a line of thought different from that of the leadership, accepting their party-constitution-allowed supervision and tolerating unacceptable criticisms from them;

 c) by accepting with humble respect constitution-allowed supervision and advise from all people and their mass organizations. 

 

PART FOUR  WORLD IDEOLOGIES

 

Chap 1  Traditional Chinese Culture as an Integrated Whole

 Traditional Chinese culture is an integrated whole

§4-1(1) Fragmentization of Chinese culture by dualistic Western way of thinking

§4-1(2) Legalism vs. Ru School of thought (儒家) vs. Western liberalism: A love-hate triangle

§4-1(3) Contention between Ru and Legalist schools of thought in Daoist perspective

 

Chap 2  A Critique of Communist Ideology

 “A Critique of Communist Ideology

§4-2(1) Faith in the supreme Dao vs. ideology

§4-2(2) How to assess Marx’s accomplishments and faults

§4-2(3) Material indulgence in the globalized capitalist world

§4-2(4) Spiritual transcendence: Two tiers of spiritual life

§4-2(5) Ultimate Humility, Tolerance and Balance-Oriented Thinking

§4-2(6) Conclusion

 

Chap 3  World Ideologies, Chinese and Western, Past and Present, as Judged by the Dao

§4-3(1) Daoism as representative of traditional Chinese ideologies

§4-3(2) Christian ideology: Not self-consistent

 “Daoism vs. Christianity as ideologies -- A Critique of Rationalism in Modern World Ideologies (IV 1-2)

§4-3(3) Capitalist ideology

 “Capitalism as ideology

§4-3(4) 20th century socialist ideology

 “Traditional Socialism(1)

 

Chap 4  Redemption of Humanity: By Transcending Utilitarian Way of Thinking and Restarting from Awareness of Ultimate Intangibility

(No translation nor source essay available for this whole chapter.)

 

Bibliography

 

李伟武:《20世纪中国哲学本体论问题》,湖南教育出版社,1991。

钱广华、张能为、温纯如:《近现代西方本体论学说之流变》,安徽大学出版社,2001。

张世英:《新哲学讲演录》,广西师范大学出版社,2004。

格莱克,詹姆斯[美],1990, 《混沌:开创新科学》, 张淑誉译,上海译文出版社。张世鹏等译,中央编译出版社。

吕嘉戈:《中国哲学方法》上海中药大学出版社 2007。

马古利斯,林恩和多里昂·萨根[美],1999,《倾斜的真理:论盖亚、共生和进化》, 李建会等译,江西教育出版社。

孙志海:《自组织的社会进化理论:方法和模型》,中国社会科学出版社,2004 

翟玉忠:《道法中国》,中央编译出版社,2008

陆寿筠:《人类向何处去:新世纪意识形态之较量与重组》,九州出版社,2013 

南怀瑾:《禅宗与道家》,复旦大学出版社,1991

翟玉忠:《性命之学》,中国编译出版社,2014

方立天:《中国佛教哲学要义》,中国人民大学出版社,2002

赵敦华:《基督教哲学1500年》,人民出版社,1994

约翰·希克:《信仰的彩虹:与宗教多元主义批评者的对话》,中译本,江苏人民出版社,2000 

唐士其:《西方政治思想史》,北京大学出版社,2002

张桂林, 1999,《西方政治哲学》, 中国政法大学出版社。

顾昕, 1998, “伯林与自由民族主义思想”,刊载于刘军宁等编著《直接民主与间接民主》,三联书店。

刘军宁等编,1998,《自由与社群》,三联书店

马丁,汉斯-彼得和哈拉文特·舒曼[德],2001,《全球化陷井:对民主和福利的进攻》,

凌胜银,2005,“西方民主政治的宏观解读”,价值中国网站。

马耀邦,《中美关系:透视大国隐形战争》,当代中国出版社,2008 

翟玉忠:《你所不知道的全球化》http://www.xinfajia.net/article.asp?articleid=3625

李欣刘磊, 2004,“以知识产权为名的中国软件何时*圈地*国际",北京新浪网, 3月5日。

王建, 2002,“世界资本主义的新阶段与货币制度危机”, 英特网中国宏观经济信息网, 3月8日。 

段忠桥, 《当代国外社会思潮》,中国人民大学出版社,2001

张国清:《中心与边缘》,中国社会科学出版社,1998

汪丁丁, 2000,《走向边缘》,三联书店。

  

Baiman, Ron, Heather Boushey, and Dawn Saunders, eds., 2000, Political economy and contemporary capi他lism: Radical perspectives on economic theory and policy, M. E. Sharpe.

Bardhan, Pranab K. and John E. Roemer, eds., 1993, Market socialism: The current debate, Oxford University Press,  New York.

Becker, Lawrence C., 1977, Property rights: Philosophic foundations, Routedge & Kegan Paul

Blair, Margaret M. and Mark J. Roe, eds., 1999, Employees and corporate governanceBrooking Institution Press, Washington, D.C..

Bowles, Samuel and Herbert Gintis, 1986, Democracy and capitalism: Property, community, and the contradictions of modern social thought, Basic Bookx, New York.

Brockway, George P., 1986, The end of economic man: Principles of any future econmics, Cornelia and Michael Bessie Books. 

Burgstaller A C. Property and prices: Toward a unified theory of value[M]. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 

Carroll, William K., 2004, Corporate power in a globalizing world: A study in elite social organization, Oxford University Press, Canada. 

Chao, Tzu-yuan, 1991, New labor theory of value, Verlag an der Lottbek. 

Cohen, Daniel, 1995, The misfortunes of prosperity: An introduction to modern political economy, The MIT Press. 

Dahl, Robert, 1985,A preface to economic democracy, UC Berkeley Press. 

Dahl, Robert, 1989, Democracy and its critics, Yale University Press. 

 

Daly, Herman E., 1996, Beyond growth, Bosten, Mass., Beacon Press. 

Dobb, Maurice, 1973, Theories of value and distribution since Adam Smith: Ideology and economoc theory, Cambridge University Press. 

Domhoff, G. William, 2002, Who rules america? Power and politics, 4th ed., New York, San Francisco, etc.: McGraw Hill. 

Dore, Ronald, 1987, Taking Japan seriously: A Confucian perspective on leading economic issues, S他nford University Press. 

Dow, Gregory K., 2003, Governing the firm: Workers control in theory and practice, Cambridge University Press.  

Dow, Gregory and Louis Putterman, 1999, "Why Capi他l (Usually) Hires Labor: An Assessment of Proposed Explanations", in Blair and Roe 1999. 

Dugger, William M., ed., 1996, Inequality: Radical institutionalist views on race, gender, class, and nation, Greenwood Press. 

Freeman, Alan, Andrew Kliman, and Julian Wells, eds., 2004, The new value controversy and the foundations of economics, Cheltenham; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.  

 

 

Geisler, Charles and Gail Daneker, eds., 2000, Property and values: Alternatives to public and private ownershipIsland Press, Washington, D.C.. 

Luxemburg, Rosa, 2003, The accumulation of capital, Routledge. 

Marx, Karl and Frederick Engels, 1968, Selected works (in one volume), International Publishers, Ner York. 

Meadows, Donella H. et al., 1972/1974, The limits to growth : A report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind, New York : New American Library,   

Mesarovic, Mihajlo D. and Eduard Pestel, 1974, Mankind at the turning point : The second report to the Club of RomeNew York : Dutton. 

Mokhiber, Russell, and Robert Weissman, 1999, Corporate predators: The hunt for Mega-profits and the at他ck on democracy, Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press. 

Ollman, Bertell, ed., 1998, Market socialism: The debate among socialists, Routledge. 

Roemer, John E., 1994, Egalitarian perspectives: Essays in philosophical economics, Cambridge university Press. 

Paul, John II, 1991, "Centesimus annus Ioannes Paulus" PP. II,       http://www.vatican.va/edocs/ENG0214/__P6.HTM 

Petras, James, etc., 2001, Globalization unmasked: Imperialism in the 21st century, New York: Fernwood Publishing. 

Rosenberg, Nathan and L. E. Birdzell, Jr., 1986, How the west grew rich: The economic transformation of the industrial world, Basic Books, New York. (汉译《西方致富之路》,三联书店, 1989.)

 

 

 

Schumacher, E.F. , 1973, Small is beautiful: Economics as if people mattered, Harper perennial.U.N., 2005, Report on the World Social Situation, Sora, Joseph, ed., 1998, Corporate power in the United States, New York: The  H. W. Wilson Co..

Wuthnow, Robert, ed., 1995, Rethinking materialism: Perspectives on the spiritual dimension of economic behavior, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan.   
 
Post a Comment
 
                                  Please enter the verification code on left, and then submit.
Comments that include profanity or personal attacks or other inappropriate comments or material will be removed from the site. We will take steps to block users who violate any of our posting standards, terms of use or privacy policies or any other policies governing this site. You are fully responsible for the content that you post.
 
 
Copyright: The New Legalist Website      Registered: Beijing ICP 05073683      E-mail: alexzhaid@163.com   lusherwin@yahoo.com